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9] P. Predecki, A. S. Barret, Adv. X-Ray Analysis, 31, 231-243 (1988). [10] K. Tanaka, Y. Yamamoto, N. Mine, K. Suzuki and H. Nakagawa, Trans. Japan Soc. Mech. , 56, 402-410 (1990). [11] V. Hauk and H. Kockelmann, Z. , 68, 719-724 (1977). [12] E. Kröner, Z. Physik, 151, 504-518 (1958). T. Wu, Int. J. , 2, 1-8 (1966). [14] T. Mura, Micromechanics of Defect in Solids, pp. 430-433 Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht, The Netherlands (1987). [15] S. Endo and K. Kawata, Trans. Japan Soc. Mech. , A43, 1620-1628 (1977).

Ikeuchi and H. Fujiwara, J. Soc. Mater. Sei. Japan, 31, 547 (1982) (in Japanese). [20] V. Hauk and E. Macherauch, Adv. in X-Ray Anal, 27, 81 (1984). [21] Y. Ikeuchi and H. Fujiwara, J. Soc. Mater. Sei. Japan, 32, 271 (1983) (in Japanese). 46 YASUKAZU IKEUCHI ET AL. [22] Y. Ikeuchi and H. Fujiwara, Proc. 27th Japan Cong. Mater. , p. 153 (1984). [23] Y. Ikeuchi and H. Fujiwara, Residual Stresses in Science and Technology, E. Macherauch and V. , DGM Informationsgesellschaft Verlag, 1, 523 (1987). Influence of Microstress on X-ray Residual Stress Analysis TAKAO HANABUSA and HARUO FUJIWARA Faculty of Engineering, Tokushima University, 2-1 Minamijosanjima-cho, Tokushima 770, Japan ABSTRACT The criterion of triaxiality in X-ray residual stress analysis is studied in relation to the wavelength of microstress distribution and relaxation of relevant stress components in a near-surface layer.

It can be seen that the matrix thermal stress behavior shown in Fig. 12 is qualitatively the same as that of the fiber FP/Al composite shown in Fig. 10, while there is a quantitative difference in the matrix stresses, probably because of the difference of flow stresses in the matrix. Length measurements of the composite for each state A and N showed that the composite length was reproducible in each stress state, and that the composite in matrix stress state N was longer by 9Ό μτη (0Ό30% in strain) than that in state A [13].

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