By ELIZABETH CHELL

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Given that it is not always possible to satisfy all one's needs, an individual will order his or her needs in terms of a priority list for fulfilment; his or her needs will thus be given a particular value and order of preference. The concept of 'freedom of movement' would appear to add considerable realism to the notion of 'need fulfilment'. That is to say, the notion of 'freedom of movement' recognizes the variability of expectations of success which an individual may hold with respect to the fulfilment of a particular need.

Certainly, Argyle appears to see him as such {Argyle, 1976), but Bowers makes a finer distinction: Personality in Interaction 27 the fact that both points of view can emphasize cognition does not mean that there are no differences between an interactionist point of view on one hand and a social learning account (Mischel, 1973) on the other (Bowers, 1973, p. 328). One cannot be blamed for feeling somewhat sceptical as to whether Bowers really does drive a wedge between the two, particularly as his account of the difference seems to rest on the S-R paradigm contrasted with the position in which 'the observer's cognitive schemas filter and organize the environment in a fashion that makes it impossible ever to completely separate the environment from the person observing it' (Bowers, 1973 p.

How the person perceives and cognizes the situation is paramount. In this interpretation of person, situation interaction, it is the meaning which situation 20 The Individual holds for the person which 'causes' him or her to behave in a particular way, and thus it is the cognitive constructs of the person and the symbolic meaning signalled by the situation which 'shapes' behaviour: Behaviour involves an indispensable, continuous interaction between individuals and the situations they encounter.

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