By Ch. Feichtinger, B. Josseck, V. Berzhatyi, T. Batenchuk-Tusko (auth.)

Space body structure and house drugs are really contemporary sciences, born of the need to release guy into house and produce him accurately again back. Weightlessness and cosmic radiation - stipulations that may neither be competently simulated nor reproduced in the world - are nevertheless used as study instruments for clinical experiments, particularly within the fields of neurophysiology, inner drugs in addition to genetics and radiation dosimetry. The newly tested Austrian Society for Aerospace drugs presents a foundation for multidisciplinary techniques to spaceflight biomedical learn. Diagnostic, prognostic and optionally available, operational and preventive measures might be fostered by means of actions of the Society. In October 1991 the 1st Austrian was once embarked on orbital flight and fulfilled an formidable medical software which was once ruled through existence technological know-how experiments within the components of cardiovascular medication, fluid-electrolyte study, neurophysiology, endocrinology, genetics, and radiation biology. the consequences from those experiments, offered during this publication, might help to enhance the administration of biomedical difficulties in day-by-day life.

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3. 1. Technology COGIMIR is a computer based psychometric device based on MEL (Micro Experimental Laboratory, 6), a commercially available integrated software system for experimental research. MEL generates visual stimuli, measures reactions, stores experimental specifications and is also equipped with an advanced system for data analysis. Its high flexibility allows the production, change and adaptation of different experimental tests in relatively short time. MEL was installed and run on the hard disk of DATAMIR (total size 3 MB).

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Th. Benke, O. Koserenko, F. Gerstenbrand. 56 Th. Benke et al. 2. Scientific Approach The scientific background of COGIMIR is based on models of normal cognitive functioning as hypothesized in cognitive psychology and of altered or impaired behaviour as studied in neuropsychology [3]. Within the AUSTROMIR frame of organization COGIMIR had to accept several constraints, among them a short experiment duration, repeated measurements in a fixed schedule and a single subject to perform the tasks. The value of single case studies has been discussed extensively [4]; today there is general agreement among researchers in the field of cognitive neuropsychology that single case studies allow valid inferences about cognitive processes.

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