By Julius Paucker

This ebook, "Die Literatur der Geschichte Liv Est und Curlands 1836-1847.", by means of Julius Paucker, is a replication of a publication initially released sooner than 1847. it's been restored via humans, web page through web page, so you may well take pleasure in it in a kind as with reference to the unique as attainable. This publication was once created utilizing print-on-demand expertise. thanks for helping vintage literature.

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To consolidate his hold, he invaded Laconia by land with the co-operation of the Aetolians, who clearly now regarded Gonatas as a loser. Pyrrhus’ armament was reportedly immense: 25,000 infantry, 2,000 cavalry, and—a typical postAlexander touch—two dozen elephants. The incursion was unexpected, since Areus was at the time absent in Crete pursuing Sparta’s usual policy of headhunting potential mercenaries. And it was facilitated by Sparta’s Peloponnesian neighbours in Elis, Megalopolis, and Argos, together probably with some Achaeans.

This, too, is the clue to the function Areus intended for these coins, which were not minted in Sparta and will have had a very limited circulation there. They were meant to sell an image of Areus on the open market of Hellenistic conceptual and dynastic exchange. More precisely, it was at Ptolemy II of Egypt that the message was aimed, with a view to convincing him that Areus was a suitable partner in his anti-Macedonian foreign policy. 20 The following extract suggests by its language no less than its content that under Areus Sparta was experiencing something of a cultural as well as diplomatic transformation: Previously the Athenians and Spartans and the allies of each, having established friendship and alliance in common with each other, struggled often and nobly together against those attempting to enslave the cities… Now again crises of a similar kind have overtaken all Greece…and King Ptolemaeus, in accordance with his ancestors’ and his sister’s policy, is openly concerned for the common freedom of the Greeks; and the Athenian People, having made an alliance with him, also voted to urge the other Greeks to adopt this policy.

More gravely, the Spartan kings’ careers were calculated to arouse two of Polybius’ most passionately held personal and historiographical prejudices: a hatred of any socioeconomic change that seemed to tilt the balance of power and wealth unduly in the favour of the more or less impoverished Greek masses, and a hatred of Sparta—contemporary, Hellenistic Sparta, that is, as opposed to the ‘Lycurgan’ Sparta of myth and political theorizing. 1 Written, documentary texts that might correct or supplement the opposed tendencies of the two principal literary sources are very thin on the ground.

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