By Mieke Prent

This quantity records the improvement of Cretan sanctuaries and linked cults from the tip of the overdue Bronze Age into the Archaic interval (c.1200–600 BC). The e-book provides up to date web site catalogues and discusses routine forms of sanctuaries, the background in their use and their non secular and social capabilities, supplying new insights into the interval as an entire. old Crete is named an island whose faith screens a robust continuity with ‘Minoan’ traditions. The interval of 1200–600 BC mostly, even though, is taken into account as considered one of profound socio-political and cultural switch. This research explores the assumption of ‘continuity’ via detailing the various methods and mechanisms fascinated about the upkeep of older cult traditions and offers stability by way of putting the saw alterations in cult customs and using sanctuaries within the broader context of societal switch.

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Additional info for Cretan Sanctuaries and Cults: Continuity and Change from Late Minoan IIIC to the Archaic Period (Religions in the Graeco-Roman World)

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It was probably during the Neopalatial periods that Crete witnessed the greatest homogeneity in religious expression, due 83 Renfrew 1985a, 20-21. On the use of figurines as toys, see already Walters 1903, xxvii, who notes their dedication in sanctuaries. 84 Pilafidis-Williams 1998, 128-29. 85 Morgan 1999, 305-07. 24 chapter one to the central role of the palaces. In the Postpalatial phases of the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age such central organisation did not exist, making standardisation and specialisation of cult practice less likely.

56 The second defining aspect of religious ritual as distinguished by Renfrew is that of worship or adoration, which springs from the acknowledgement of the asymmetrical character of the humandivine relationship (as noted in the definition above). 57 Burkert, again from the more specific angle of historical Greek religion, calls attention to the differences with magic, the latter being more exclusively concerned with the attainment of a certain goal and conducted amongst few or in private. 58 There are various ways in which these two aspects of religious 55 Renfrew 1985a, 16.

C. 630 c. 630–c. 480 c. 480–c. 330 c. 330–67 67–330 AD 380 AD–824 AD 824 AD–961 AD 961 AD–1204 AD 1204 AD–1669 AD 1669 AD–1898 AD 1898 AD–1913 AD 1913 AD – Abbr. EN MN LN FN EM I EM II EM III MM IA MM IB MM II MM III LM IA LM IB LM II LM IIIA1 LM IIIA2 LM IIIB LM IIIC SM EPG MPG LPG PGB EG MG LG EO MO LO A CL HL R EByz LByz * The absolute chronology of the subdivisions within the Orientalizing periods is not clear, due to the regionalism in styles and the scarcity of imports. An alter- introduction 35 native periodization of the 7th century BC is based on the stylistic development of Daedalic sculpture and Daedalic mouldmade terracottas.

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