By Bernhard M. Riegl, Richard E. Dodge (auth.), Bernhard M. Riegl, Richard E. Dodge (eds.)
Coral Reefs of the us offers a whole review of the current prestige of data relating to all coral reef parts in the united states and its territories. it truly is written by way of the main skilled experts of their fields and geographic parts. Stretching from the Caribbean to the western Pacific, the coral reefs of america span broad geographic and biotic range, take place in a large choice of geomorphological settings, and supply a consultant cross-section of Holocene reef-building. This e-book will hence be of large normal curiosity. For the 1st time, whole scholarly stories are given for the geology, geomorphology and the biology of reefs encompassing an unlimited quarter stretching from the Mariana Islands within the west, Samoa within the south, Hawaii within the north and the Virgin Islands within the east. This ebook isn't really a standing document, yet will supply up to date information regarding stressors and the biotic responses of the reefs, in addition to the geological motives why those reefs exist within the first position. will probably be a useful baseline-reference for all those who find themselves engaged in learn or administration of those coral reefs or to those that easily get pleasure from being well-informed approximately probably the most iconic ecosystems of the USA.
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Extra info for Coral Reefs of the USA
A Cross section of Grecian Rocks shows reef components and uncorrected radiocarbon ages in years before present (YBP) of corals recovered in cores. Coral zonation at Grecian Rocks in the 1960s showed five distinct zones. Field observations in 2002 found that most corals including hydrocorals were dead. b Cross section of Looe Key Reef (LK) shows the Holocene reef began accretion on the crest of a Pleistocene topographic high resulted today in a complete shift in offshore benthic communities as non-framework-building organisms characteristic of hardbottoms have replaced reefframework-building corals (Fig.
Annularis followed by oriented A. palmata on the seaward side and unoriented A. palmata on the landward side (Fig. 15a; Shinn 1980). • Geometry – from primarily dense, linear, marginparallel reefs of massive head corals to spectacular, open-fabric spur-and-groove systems of platy branching corals growing normal to the margin; spurs and grooves formed on nearly every named reef at the shelf edge (Figs. 17) and on some landward outer-shelf reefs; spurs and grooves faced incoming high-energy waves (Shinn 1963, 1980; Shinn et al.
In the upper Keys, the Windley Key Fossil Coral Reef State Park and the Key Largo Cross Canal (also called Adams Cut and the Key Largo Waterway, Fig. 1a) provide excellent examples of Q5e coral boundstone, grainstone, and packstone containing red coralline algae, molluscs, foraminifera, and fecal pellets. Some 17% of the rock volume in some of the limestone on the island of Key Largo consists of Halimeda (Stanley 1966). B, Fig. B-2). A submerged, gently sloping ramp extends 5–7 km offshore (Fig.