By Yossi Loya (auth.), Professor Eugene Rosenberg, Professor Yossi Loya (eds.)

Coral reefs represent the main stunning and numerous ecosystems within the marine setting. They shape reservoirs of the top organic variety, together with genetic assets and bio-active compounds. regrettably, coral reefs also are one of the such a lot seriously degraded marine ecosystems. over the past 20 years, coral reef groups were experiencing more and more annoying stipulations because of a mix of normal and anthropogenic damaging components. Coral ailments are one of the newest in a chain of threats (e.g. coral bleaching, over exploitation of fish shares, harmful fishing practices and coastal advancements) that's not easy the resilience of coral reef groups.

During a global assembly on coral ailments held in Eilat, Israel, in 2003, top scientists offered reports and up to date result of laboratory learn and in situ observations to be able to check the prestige of coral overall healthiness and to appreciate the disorder mechanisms.

The such a lot appropriate papers are actually provided in Coral future health and Disease. The booklet starts off with a number of case experiences of reefs, which strongly vary locally, e.g. the pink Sea, Caribbean, Mediterranean, Gulf of Mexico, Japan, western Indian Ocean and the good Barrier Reef. the second one half on microbial ecology and body structure includes contributions describing the symbiotic family members of corals and microbes, the microbial function in nutrients and bleaching resistance and the antibacterial actions of corals. specific coral ailments, akin to aspergillosis, white pox, black, yellow and white band illnesses are handled within the 3rd half. eventually, diverse hypotheses of the mechanisms of coral bleaching, together with a projection of the way forward for coral reefs, are mentioned.

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Extra resources for Coral Health and Disease

Sample text

1982; Sheppard 1985). Coral mass mortality on reefs may result from a variety of causes such as (below selected references) mechanical destruction during tropical storms (Woodley et al. 1981; Rogers 1993), abnormally low or high seawater temperatures (Glynn 1981; Jokiel and Coles 1990), sedimentation (Loya 1976e; Rogers 1990) exposure to air during midday air temperature maxima (Glynn 1976; Loya 1976a), bleaching (Glynn 1993; Brown 1997; Hoegh-Guldberg 1999; Ostrander et al. 2000; Loya et al. 2001), diseases (Kushmaro et al.

Nevertheless, a significant variation was found between the adult S. pistillata population in the 'Peace Lagoon' (located ca. 400 m west of the fish farms) and all other adult s. pistillata populations in three further away southern sites. Moreover, the genetic variation within young recruits of this species in the Peace Lagoon was found to be significantly larger than within adult coral colonies at the same site. He suggested that a selection process, taking place immediately after settlement of s.

Am Nat 120:533-536 Muller-Parker G, McCloskey LR, Hoegh-Guldberg 0, McAuley PJ (1994) Effect of ammonium enrichment on animal and algal biomass of the coral Pocillopora damicornis. Pac Sci 48:273-283 Nairn 0 (1993) Seasonal responses of a fringing reef community to eutrophication (Reunion Island, Western Indian Ocean). Mar Ecol Prog Ser 99:137-151 Nystrom M, Folke C, Moberg F (2000) Coral reef disturbance and resilience in a human dominated environment. TREE 15:413-417 Ostrander GK, Armstrong KM, Knobbe ET, Gerace D, Scully EP (2000) Rapid transition in the structure of a coral reef community: the effects of coral bleaching and physical disturbance.

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