By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Committee on AMO 2010

As a part of the Physics 2010 decadal survey undertaking, the dep. of strength and the nationwide technology starting place asked that the nationwide learn Council investigate the possibilities, over approximately the subsequent decade, in atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) technology and know-how. particularly, the nationwide study Council used to be requested to hide the nation of AMO technology, emphasizing fresh accomplishments and opting for new and compelling clinical questions. Controlling the Quantum World, discusses either the jobs and demanding situations for AMO technological know-how in instrumentation; medical learn close to absolute 0; improvement of super excessive x-ray and laser assets; exploration and keep watch over of molecular tactics; photonics on the nanoscale point; and improvement of quantum info know-how. This e-book additionally deals an evaluate of and proposals approximately severe concerns bearing on preserving U.S. management in AMO technological know-how and technology.

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Extra resources for Controlling the Quantum World: The Science of Atoms, Molecules, and Photons (Physics 2010)

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Also, these applications occur at the intersection of AMO physics and condensed matter and indeed AMO physics and other fields of physics. These strengthening links between AMO and other parts of physics promise exciting new discoveries in AMO science in particular and in physics more broadly. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 16 Controlling the Quantum World WHAT HAPPENS AT THE HIGHEST TEMPERATURES IN THE UNIVERSE? Lasers in the next decade will reach peak powers of a million billion watts concentrated in a single beam of light for a little more than a millionth of a billionth of a second.

Quantum cryptography exploits the fundamental tenets of quantum mechanics to allow the secure transmission of information with no physical possibility of undetected eavesdropping. Quantum cryptographic instruments are already available commercially, featuring the use of small numbers of photons traversing a length of optical fiber. There is a rich array of other quantum communication protocols that allow the movement and networking of data in ways that are more efficient than corresponding classical procedures.

Since the energy of an atom with an EDM will depend upon the direction of the spin axis relative to an applied electric field, EDM experiments look for a tiny shift in the nuclear or electron spin resonance of an atom or molecule placed in a large electric field. Such spin resonance frequency measurements may provide our best opportunity to detect these tiniest effects of new fundamental forces that cannot yet be seen in experiments at high-energy accelerators. Atomic physics is taking up this challenge by creating ultrasharp spin resonances associated with long spin stability (hundreds to thousands of seconds in the case of nuclear spins in atomic gases or vapors).

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