Show description

Read or Download Conrad's Existentialism PDF

Best existentialism books

Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre

"Kaufmann: Existentialism from Dostoevsky to Sartre

Existentialism isn't a philosophy yet a label for numerous largely different
revolts opposed to conventional philosophy. many of the residing "existentialists"
have repudiated this label, and a bewildered outsider may perhaps good conclude
that the one factor they've got in universal is a marked aversion for each
other. so as to add to the confusion, many writers of the earlier have frequently
been hailed as individuals of this flow, and this can be very doubtful
whether they might have favored the corporate to which they are
consigned. In view of this, it'd be argued that the label
"existentialism" should be deserted altogether.
Certainly, existentialism isn't really a faculty of idea nor reducible to any
set of tenets. the 3 writers who seem at all times on each checklist of
"existentialists'' Jaspers, Heidegger, and Sartre-are no longer in contract on
essentials. Such alleged precursors as Pascal and Kierkegaard differed
from all 3 males by means of being committed Christians; and Pascal was once a
Catholic of types whereas Kierkegaard was once a Protestant's Protestant. If, as is
often performed, Nietzsche and Dostoevsky are integrated within the fold, we must
make room for an impassioned anti-Christian and a fair extra fanatical
Greek-Orthodox Russian imperialist. by the point we think about adding
Rilke, Kafka, and Camus, it turns into simple that one crucial feature
shared through some of these males is their perfervid individualism. "

The Imaginary: A Phenomenological Psychology of the Imagination

A cornerstone of Sartre’s philosophy, The Imaginary used to be first released in 1940. Sartre had turn into accustomed to the philosophy of Edmund Husserl in Berlin and used to be excited about his concept of the 'intentionality of consciousness' as a key to the puzzle of life. by contrast history, The Imaginary crystallized Sartre's worldview and inventive imaginative and prescient.

Discovering Existence with Husserl

As a disciple of Husserl, Emmanuel Lavinas used to be essentially the most autonomous and unique interpreters, attesting to the fruitfulness of Husserl's phenomenology and the numerous paths of idea it brought. In gathering the majority of Levinas's articles on Husserlian phenomenology, this quantity gathers jointly a wealth of exposition and interpretation by means of one of many extra vital ecu philosophers of the 20 th century .

New approaches to Neo-Kantianism

After the dying of German Idealism, Neo-Kantianism flourished because the defining philosophical circulate of Continental Europe from the 1860s till the Weimar Republic. This selection of new essays by way of exotic students bargains a clean exam of the various and enduring contributions that Neo-Kantianism has made to a various variety of philosophical matters.

Extra info for Conrad's Existentialism

Example text

In The Rebel (10) he asserts, 'I proclaim that I believe in nothing and that everything is absurd'. To Camus the world is utterly without absolute meaning, and man is left to invent his own personal meaning for his existence, which he leads as an isolated stranger beset by conditions that restrict and thwart him. As we recall, Sartre shares Camus's sentiment: the obstinate world of sheer brute objects - being-in-itself - has no reason, no teleological cause. It simply 'is'. The individual identity that Being in the World 15 man creates for himself - his being-for-itself - is constantly in a state of chance contingency with all that surrounds him, and both he and his circumambient world are wholly ungrounded, making for a condition of 'fundamental absurdity', as Roquentin puts it in Nausea (129).

From the disruptive polarity between necessity (embodied in the obdurate world) and possibility (embodied in human potential). Man's despair is a 32 Conrad's Existentialism 'disproportion in his inmost being'. It is a difficult task to achieve one's possibilities in a 'concrete world' that Karl Barth characterises as 'ambiguous and under crisis' amid 'the insecurity of our whole existence, the vanity and utter questionableness of all that is and of what we are'. 39 As Pascal phrases it in his Pensees (61:22), 'Man's condition' is one of 'inconstancy, boredom, anxiety', breeding despair which Marlow witnessed only too graphically in the Congo, where 'black shapes crouched, lay, sat .

Is not certain of anything in this world of contradictions' (5:105). 'The world', says Nietzsche, 'seems logical to us because we have made it logical' (Power, 521:283), whereas it is actually characterised by 'change, becoming, multiplicity, opposition, contradiction, war' (584:315). It is full of 'horror or absurdity' (Tragedy, 7:60). This absurdity is only too evident in the worlds of Conrad's fiction, whether as a pervasive sensation or a momentary one induced by personal crisis. When in 'The Return' Hervey read his wife's note announcing that she had left him, 'he was stunned by a noise meaningless and violent, like the clash of gongs or the beating of drums; a great aimless uproar.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.93 of 5 – based on 35 votes