By Florine Asselbergs
In Conquered Conquistadors, Florine Asselbergs unearths that an enormous pictorial map, the Lienzo de Quauhquechollan, lengthy idea to symbolize a sequence of battles in relevant Mexico, was once really painted within the 1530s through Quauhquecholteca warriors to rfile their invasion of Guatemala along the Spanish and to proclaim themselves as conquistadors. This portray is the oldest recognized map of Guatemala and a unprecedented rfile of the reviews of indigenous conquistadors. the folks of the Nahua neighborhood of Quauhquechollan (present-day San Martín Huaquechula), in valuable Mexico, allied with Cortés through the Spanish-Aztec battle and have been assigned to the Spanish conquistador Jorge de Alvarado. De Alvarado and his allies, together with the Quauhquecholteca and millions of different indigenous warriors, trigger for Guatemala in 1527 to begin a crusade opposed to the Maya. The few Quauhquecholteca who lived to inform the tale recorded their travels and eventual victory at the large textile map, the Lienzo de Quauhquechollan. Conquered Conquistadors, released in a ecu variation in 2004, overturned traditional perspectives of the eu conquest of indigenous cultures. American historians and anthropologists will savour this new version and Asselbergs's astute research, including context, interpretation, and comparability with different pictographic money owed of the "Spanish" conquest. This seriously illustrated variation comprises an insert replica of the Lienzo de Quauhquechollan.
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Extra info for Conquered Conquistadors: The Lienzo De Quauhquechollan: A Nahua Vision of the Conquest of Guatemala (Mesoamerican Worlds)
The unique value of the indigenous pictorials lies in the fact that they provide the indigenous version of history as captured in an indigenous medium of communication. In other words, they reflect the indigenous view of historical events, concepts, morals, and ideas, represented by a means of communication the indigenous peoples themselves developed and felt comfortable with. However, since the majority of the extant pictorials were made in a colonial context, they were often adapted to Spanish expectations or influenced by European iconographic and historiographic structures.
8. In general, only actors, places, and events that were of influence on the formation and situation of the community in question at the time of the manuscript’s creation are depicted. The places, actors, and events depicted were generally selected on the basis of their relevance to both the community and the purpose of the work. Most lienzos from the state of Oaxaca emphasize dynastic foundations and genealogies of ruling families, going back four or five centuries before the Spanish conquest.
Cloth is thought to have been used for pictographic records in prehispanic times as well. Unfortunately, however, no example seems to have survived. A detailed study of the pieces of cloth used for certain lienzos has shown that in many cases, some edges or seams have ribbed borders while others do not. Johnson (2000) therefore argued that those pieces were originally woven for another use, such as clothing, and were only later used for lienzos. 11 Some lienzos also contain pieces with a palimpsest.