By Oleksandr V. Reshetnyak, Gennady E. Zaikov

This book appears on the synthesis of polyaniline by way of various equipment, lower than varied stipulations, for varied purposes, and offers experiences of its houses through quite a lot of the trendy physic-chemical equipment. The ebook presents a accomplished research of experimental effects from the viewpoint of the correlations within the triad synthesis conditions–structurephysico–chemical houses. It combines the results of experimental investigations and unique technique of the outline of physical–chemical and electrochemical phenomena at interface surfaces, exhibiting a power of such phenomena at the utilized facets of the polyaniline and nanocomposites on its foundation purposes.

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At the same time, the intensity of the band at 1282 cm−1, which corresponds to asymmetric vibrations Polyanilines: The Role of Particles of Radical Nature 21 of >C−N< group increases, suggesting the possibility of some decrease of oxidation level of products of compatible polymerization of aniline and o-nitroaniline compared to homopolymer of aniline. 67 The presence of N−N bonds in the structure of polymer indicates the possibility of recombination of the type “head to head” at the stage of the dimers formation.

In addition, it was concluded about 8 Computational and Experimental Analysis of Functional Materials almost practically identical probability of the existence of benzenoid cationradical II and isomeric to it cation-radical of quinoid type VI, since they are characterized by practically almost identical energy characteristics. 1 Electron Occupancy of Atomic Orbitals of the Nitrogen Atom. 194 III IV V VI VII Let us separately analyze the oxidation process of radical IV. E. Geniés and M. Łapkowski72 claim that this neutral radical easily can be oxidized to the particle V, since as redox potential of the process IV → V is lower compared with the transition I → II.

00005. It was assumed that this signal corresponds to the product of oneelectron oxidation of aniline. Therefore, the assumption about the formation of particle IV during the chemical oxidation of aniline is quite reasonable. 3 AN IMPACT OF THE SUBSTITUENT’S NATURE ON MECHANISM OF THE SYNTHESIS, STRUCTURE, AND PROPERTIES OF POLYANILINES In view of the above-proposed mechanism of polymerization, the significant effect on the rate of the process and the structure of products will have the 16 Computational and Experimental Analysis of Functional Materials nature and position of the substituent in benzene ring of aniline.

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