By Barbara A. Heavilin, Charles W. Heavilin
From an Existential Vacuum to a sad Optimism: the quest for that means and the Presence of God in sleek Literature employs a brand new theoretical method of serious research: Victor Frankl's logotherapy (from the Greek "logos" for note or cause and sometimes concerning divine wisdom), a distinct kind of existentialism. at the foundation of his observations of the ability of human patience and transcendence - the invention of that means even in the middle of harrowing situations - Frankl diagnoses the malaise of the present age as an "existential vacuum," a feeling of meaninglessness. He means that a panacea for this malaise might be present in creativity, love, and ethical selection - even if confronted with anguish or demise. He affirms that people may perhaps go beyond this vacuum, notice that means - or perhaps final desiring to be present in final Being, or God - and reside with a feeling of "tragic optimism." This publication observes either the present age's "existential vacuum" - a malaise of vacancy and meaninglessness - and its eager for that means and God as mirrored in 3 genres: poetry, novel, and delusion. half I, "Reflections of God within the Poetic Vision," addresses "tragic optimism" - desire whilst there appears to be like no reason behind wish - in poems via William Butler Yeats, T. S. Eliot, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and Gerard Manley Hopkins. half II, "American Angst: vacancy and danger in John Steinbeck's significant Novels," offers a research of Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath, East of Eden, and The wintry weather of Our Discontent - novels that jointly shape a uniquely American epic trilogy. jointly those novels inform the tale of a nation's avarice, corruption, and betrayal offset by way of magnanimity, heroism, and hospitality. Set opposed to the backdrop of Frankl's methods of discovering which means and achievement - all obliquely implying the felt presence of God - the characters are consultant each american citizens, in whose lives are mirrored a nation's worst vices and top hopes. half III, "A Tragic Optimism: The Triumph of excellent within the myth Worlds of Tolkien, Lewis, and Rowling," defines delusion and technological know-how fiction as mirrors with which to view truth. J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the earrings, C. S. Lewis' That Hideous energy, and J. ok. Rowling's Harry Potter sequence are thought of within the gentle of Frankl's logotherapy - offering paths to that means and the last word desiring to be present in God. In a postmodern, fragmented age, those works verify a continual imaginative and prescient of God (often via His felt absence) and, additionally, a such a lot human longing for which means even if there seems none - offering, as Frankl continues, "a tragic optimism."
By Catalin Partenie, Tom Rockmore
By Charles Bukowski
To his legions of lovers, Charles Bukowski was—and remains—the vital counterculture icon. A hard-drinking wild guy of literature and a obdurate outsider to the poetry global, he wrote unflinchingly approximately booze, paintings, and girls, in uncooked, street-tough poems whose fact has struck a chord with generations of readers.
Edited by way of John Martin, the mythical writer of Black Sparrow Press and an in depth pal of Bukowski's, The Pleasures of the Damned is a variety of the easiest works from Bukowski's lengthy poetic occupation, together with the final of his never-before-collected poems. Celebrating the entire diversity of the poet's notable and astonishing sensibility, and his uncompromising linguistic brilliance, those poems disguise a wealthy life of studies and phone Bukowski's “immense intelligence, the worrying middle that observed in the course of the sham of our pretenses and had pity on our human condition” (New York Quarterly). The Pleasures of the Damned is an incredible poetic treasure trove, crucial examining for either longtime fanatics and people simply gaining knowledge of this specific and mythical American voice.
By Thomas R. Flynn
<P style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt">With its emphasis on individuality, freedom, and private accountability, existentialism was once one of many twentieth century’s most vital philosophical pursuits. via such writers as Sarte, de Beauvoir, and Camus, it motivated literature, the humanities and arts, and politics. Thomas R. Flynn examines the philosophy’s center ideals, concentrating on a number of key existential topics, and introduces the prime existentialist thinkers, from Kierkegaard and Nietzsche to Sartre.
By Marcia W. Baron
A defence of Kant's deontological perception of ethics. the writer bargains reflections on intended issues of Kant's ethics: that it leaves no room for supererogatory activities and that it overemphasizes the worth of performing from responsibility.
By Jean-Paul Sartre
Jean-Paul Sartre's well-known autobiography of his first ten years has been commonly in comparison to Rousseau's Confessions. Written whilst he was once fifty-nine years outdated, The Words is a masterpiece of self-analysis. Sartre the thinker, novelist and playwright brings to his personal formative years a similar rigor of honesty and perception he utilized so brilliantly to different authors. Born right into a mild, book-loving relations and raised by means of a widowed mom and doting grandparents, he had a youth that can be defined as one lengthy love affair with the broadcast observe. The Words explores and evaluates the full use of books and language in human adventure.
By Paul Strathern
What could Kierkegaard have thought of this booklet?
He might have maybe favored Stathern's humor, his narrative ability, his quickness of brain, his emphasizing Kierkegaard's notion as directed to not abstraction yet to 'lived life.' yet he most likely could have resented the trouble to minimize the complexities of his idea, their contradictions and dialectical intricacies to simply digestible shape.
For Kierkegaard 'difficulty' in itself has a cost, and the trail of the real philosopher isn't one that may be completed with ease, simply with out affliction.
The essence of Kierkegaard can purely be present in confronting his personal complicated, and hugely certified prose.
I like Strathern's books a great deal, however it turns out to me right here he selected a topic now not specifically amenable to this type of therapy.
By Søren Kierkegaard
For over a century, the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard (1813-55) has been on the heart of a few vital discussions, relating not just philosophy and theology, but in addition, extra lately, fields akin to social inspiration, psychology, and modern aesthetics, specially literary conception.
Despite his really brief lifestyles, Kierkegaard used to be an awfully prolific author, as attested to via the 26-volume Princeton college Press version of all of his released writings. yet Kierkegaard left at the back of approximately as a lot unpublished writing, such a lot of which is composed of what are referred to as his "journals and notebooks." Kierkegaard has lengthy been famous as one in all history's nice magazine keepers, yet simply relatively small parts of his journals and notebooks are what we often comprehend via the time period "diaries." via a long way the higher a part of Kierkegaard's journals and notebooks involves reflections on a myriad of subjects--philosophical, non secular, political, own. learning his journals and notebooks takes us into his workshop, the place we will be able to see his complete universe of proposal. we will witness the genesis of his released works, to be sure--but we will additionally see complete galaxies of thoughts, new insights, and fragments, huge and small, of in part (or virtually completely) accomplished yet unpublished works. Kierkegaard's Journals and Notebooks permits us to work out the philosopher in discussion together with his occasions and with himself.
Volume 6 of this 11-volume sequence contains 4 of Kierkegaard's vital "NB" journals (Journals NB11 via NB14), masking the months from early may possibly 1849 to the start of 1850. at present Denmark used to be coming to phrases with the 1848 revolution that had changed absolutism with renowned sovereignty, whereas the conflict with the German states persevered, and the rustic meditated precisely what changing the previous nation Church with the Danish People's Church might suggest. In those journals Kierkegaard displays at size on political and, specifically, on ecclesiastical advancements. His brooding over the continuing results of his struggle with the satirical magazine Corsair keeps, and he additionally examines and re-examines the wider own and non secular value of his damaged engagement with Regine Olsen. those journals additionally comprise reflections by way of Kierkegaard on a few his most crucial works, together with the 2 works written less than his "new" pseudonym Anti-Climacus (The illness unto Death and Practice in Christianity) and his numerous makes an attempt at autobiographical motives of his paintings. And, all of the whereas, the drumbeat of his radical critique of "Christendom" keeps and escalates.
Kierkegaard wrote his journals in a two-column layout, one for his preliminary entries and the second one for the huge marginal reviews that he further later. This version of the journals reproduces this structure, contains numerous images of unique manuscript pages, and comprises broad scholarly statement at the a number of entries and at the historical past of the manuscripts being reproduced.
By Laurence Gane
By R. D. Laing
First released in 1960, this watershed paintings aimed to make insanity understandable, and in doing so revolutionized the way in which we understand psychological affliction. utilizing case reports of sufferers he had labored with, psychiatrist R. D. Laing argued that psychosis isn't really a scientific yet an consequence of the 'divided self', or the strain among the 2 personas inside us: one our real, inner most identification, and the opposite the fake, 'sane' self that we current to the realm.