By Damien Keown

Buddhism and Bioethics discusses modern concerns in scientific ethics from a Buddhist viewpoint. the problems tested comprise abortion, embryo examine and euthanasia. Drawing on historic and glossy resources, the e-book indicates how Buddhist moral rules will be utilized continually to quite a number bioethical difficulties. it is strongly recommended that ethical decisions will be goal and that there could be a 'Buddhist view' on moral concerns.

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The dominant pattern of moral validation in Buddhism takes into account the psychology of the actor, the nature of the act, and the consequences which flow from it. Just like the landscape, all the principal features of a moral act from its motivation through to its performance and consequences, are inextricably interconnected. What is required, then, is a justification of the precepts which gives due weight to all of these factors. We will suggest a way of approaching the question which does not b ase itself on explanations which are extant in the sources but which nevertheless seems to encompass all of the factors we have considered.

The above rather compressed account should become clearer when we discuss the relationship between ethics and human good in Buddhism in Section V. For now, however, enough has been said to show that our understanding of the principles of natural law is quite different from Stout's. For this reason we believe it escapes his charge that natural law is deficient as a basis for cross-cultural ethics. 45 Intercultural dialogue Pellegrino rightly points out that ethics is not grounded by culture: The ethical system of any culture is morally defensible because it is grounded in truths that transcend that culture; it is not morally defensible simply because it is a product of a particular culture.

Nor does the occurrence of letters other than P mean that William was only 'potentially' William on these occasions, while being 'fully' William on those occasions when a P appears. What all of the letters mark are individual stages in the constantly shifting pattern that is individual existence. What determines respect for William as far as Buddhism is concerned is not any one letter in the code but the code itself. He is entitled to moral respect because he exists as a living being with a continuous biography and a spiritual destiny.

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