By Laurence Schneider
Utilizing the sector of genetics as a case examine, this booklet follows the bothered improvement of recent average technological know-how in China from the Twenties, via Mao's China, to the current post-socialist period. via special graphics of key scientists and associations, uncomplicated dilemmas are explored: how you can keep an eye on nature with technology, how one can achieve independence from foreign-controlled technology, how you can get scientists out from lower than regulate of ideology and the kingdom. utilizing the sector of genetics as a case learn, this publication follows the improvement of contemporary typical technological know-how in China from the Nineteen Twenties, via Mao's China, to the current post-socialist period. via special photographs of key scientists and associations, easy dilemmas are explored: the best way to keep watch over nature with technology, find out how to achieve independence from foreign-controlled technological know-how, find out how to get scientists out from below keep an eye on of ideology and the kingdom.
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Extra resources for Biology and Revolution in Twentieth-Century China (Asia Pacific Perspectives)
6: 143-48. Roger Greene, “Education in China and the Boxer Indemnities,” Chinese Social and Political Science Review, 1923, no. Box 62). For Paul Monroe see text and note below. 3. The most important policy statement on this issue is S. M. Gunn, “China and the Rockefeller Foundation,” Shanghai, January 23,1934 (RAC: Ser. Box 12). A version of this report is discussed in J. C. : Harvard University Press, 1969), 125-29. There is a summary of this policy in Rockefeller Foundation, Annual Report, 1935: 3,329.
The bulk of its funding continued going to programs in key colleges and universities, programs which turned out excellent students and acted as models for new and expanding schools. In addition to providing funds for science buildings and for research and teaching equipment, the China Medical Board also provided large sums for endowments. No less important were its hundreds of advanced research fellowships that brought outstanding American scientists to Peking Union Medical College as visiting instructors, and brought Chinese science educators and researchers there for advanced training with them.
Some of this literature illustrated its arguments with material derived from the author’s own research. ~~ 42 Chapter I In Chen Zhen’s textbook, the discussion of heredity is for the most part (both narrative and illustrations) derived fiom T. H. Morgan’s The Physical Basis oftieredity. Chen Zhen’s narrative begins with the device of a make-believe discourse between the biologist August Weismann ( 1834-1914) and Charles Darwin in order to establish two fundamentals: that the material basis of heredity is located in a discrete organic structure of the cell (germplasm), not suffused generally throughout an organism (somatoplasm); and second, that acquired characters cannot be inherited.