By Edward E. David Jr. (auth.), Oskar R. Zaborsky, John R. Benemann, Tadashi Matsunaga, Jun Miyake, Anthony San Pietro (eds.)
The flexibility of hydrogen makes it a probable candidate for a common gas, and Congress has lately voted to extend study spending during this quarter. This convention will research organismal techniques (bacteria, eco-friendly algae, and cyanobacteria), bioreactor engineering and big scale platforms, institutional concerns corresponding to tradition creditors, databases, and overseas cooperation, marine-based structures, and commercialization. The editor, Oskar Zaborsky, is the editor of the Plenum sequence, Marine Biotechnology.
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The development of practical biohydrogen production systems will require focusing on the more promising alternatives and critical R&D issues and could be accelerated through international basic and applied R&D collaborations. 2. , 1972). The late Prof. Lester Krampitz reported that experiments were underway in his laboratory to produce H 2 by coupling chloroplasts with methyl viologen and a bacterial hydrogenase (see Krampitz, 1977). , 1973). This suggested that the H 2 was derived from water and was inhibited by the 02 produced during the reaction (although simultaneous 02 and H 2 production by this system was not actually demonstrated until later work by Greenbaum[ 1980]).
From unique marine environments, photosynthetic microorganisms that are the largest primary producers of biomass are attracting attention as new gene resources. We report the results of screening of useful products from marine photosynthetic microorganisms, as well as the use of those organisms as a gene resource. Productivity of useful products has been improved by metabolic engineering. The survival strategies of novel marine cyanobacterial strains to environmental stress at the molecular level are described.
R. Benemann The alternative to a direct biophotolysis process is indirect biophotolysis processes in which CO 2 serves as the electron carrier between the O2-producing water splitting and 02sensitive hydrogenase reactions. Thus, these reactions are temporally separated, or even spatially in different reactors. In such concepts, the algae would undergo a cycle of CO 2 fixation into storage carbohydrates (starch, glycogen) followed by its conversion to H 2 by endogenous metabolic processes, first in the dark and then in the light.