By Marcus Brainard
The definative observation on Husserl's rules I.
Read or Download Belief and Its Neutralization: Husserl's System of Phenomenology in Ideas I PDF
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Extra info for Belief and Its Neutralization: Husserl's System of Phenomenology in Ideas I
It is at bottom a crisis of essence or rather of the belief in essence. That is, the essence of man has grown questionable. And that questionableness signals the faltering of belief in his self, in himself as a rational being. Hence, it is a crisis of reason. It calls for decision. Were they to succumb to skepticism, were they to cease to believe in reason, Husserl tells his fellow Europeans, they would “renounce [their] own truth” (Crisis, 12/14). 92 It is of his essence (Wesen) to be rational.
Husserl’s system is precisely a hierarchy wherein the highest is the ground, the root of everything. 1 Polarities After the transcendental turn, after Husserl has gained a deeper understanding of his task, the contours of his system assume their final form. 138 They are the alpha and omega, which are “brought together” as the bounds of an intentional hierarchy. For Husserl it is these extremes that are decisive, and not their center or intermediate stages. On his self-understanding, there is no definitive middle term mediating between the extremes139—this in itself shows the radical difference of his position from those constitutive of metaphysics.
In the beginning is the end. In the smallest part is the whole. The one points the way to the other, gives it sense. Thus, where there is no beginning, there is no end—and most certainly no whole. This accounts for Husserl’s preoccupation with the beginning of the system and his relative theoretical neglect of its end. 152 His positive grasp of the system is evident, for example, in his talk of First Science or Philosophy and its relation to the other (second) sciences. 155 Secondly, and perhaps the most important reason for the neglect of this feature of his thought—beyond the inattention to the fact that Husserlian thought is conceived of by its founder as a whole, albeit as an infinite whole, which is to say: beyond the general inattention to the demonstrable systematicity of his endeavor—is the unpopularity of what Husserl has actually thought: both his foundational intention and his principial focus on the pure ego and on pure consciousness, thus on subjectivity rather than on intersubjectivity.