By Andreas Dörnbrack (auth.), Ulrich Schumann (eds.)
at the party of the fiftieth anniversary of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the German Aerospace heart (DLR), this ebook provides greater than 50 chapters highlighting result of the institute’s research.
The booklet presents an updated, in-depth survey around the whole box of atmospheric technological know-how, together with atmospheric dynamics, radiation, cloud physics, chemistry, weather, numerical simulation, distant sensing, tools and measurements, in addition to atmospheric acoustics.
The authors have supplied a quite simply understandable and self-contained presentation of the complicated box of atmospheric technology. the subjects are of direct relevance for aerospace technological know-how and expertise. destiny examine demanding situations are identified.
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Extra resources for Atmospheric Physics: Background – Methods – Trends
Any poleward movement of tropical air parcels along the meridian in the stratosphere would be hindered by such a wind band, usually called a ‘‘transport barrier’’. Meridional exchange is possible in periods of unstable polar vortex. Then, planetary waves propagate upward from the troposphere, disturb the polar night jet and break in the so-called ‘‘surf zone’’ (McIntyre and Palmer 1984). In this way, momentum and constituents can be transported poleward. It is apparent that the Brewer-Dobson circulation as indicated in Fig.
The ozone molecules then collide with other molecules in the air, increasing its temperature. 1) is about twice as large. : stra¯tum = stratus). Tropospheric particles injected into the stratosphere can stay aloft for many years without returning to the ground. This was observed after large volcanic eruptions such as the Mount Pinatubo eruption in June 1991 that emitted ash into the stratosphere, where it remained for years and impacted the stratospheric chemistry. On various flight missions to investigate convective storms at low latitudes, the tropical tropopause layer was observed by the Geophysica aircraft.
Then, planetary waves propagate upward from the troposphere, disturb the polar night jet and break in the so-called ‘‘surf zone’’ (McIntyre and Palmer 1984). In this way, momentum and constituents can be transported poleward. It is apparent that the Brewer-Dobson circulation as indicated in Fig. 5 does not represent the actual physical motion of the air; it is rather a statistical, long-term mean of the eddy fluxes. It is noteworthy that this residual circulation has a long ‘‘overturning’’ period of years in contrast to the aforementioned tropospheric circulations characterized by advection, see Fig.