By Adolf Portmann

The rugged define of a mountain top appears like a human face; the markings on a moth exhibit a cranium and crossbones. Mere coincidences we are saying, and push aside the problem as one other freak of nature. but if we stumble upon an animal that appears like a leaf or a sprig, we start to ask yourself. This likeness needs to be greater than chance--it needs to play a massive half within the animal's survival. This brings us immediately to the crux of our challenge: the functionality of outward appearances.

We have all visible bugs which are the colour of bark and brooding pheasant hens whose feathers look like the fleeting shadows in their nesting flooring. We can have chanced upon a moth whose in basic terms safeguard is the coloring that makes it resemble a wasp. every one of those animals pretends to be whatever it isn't, and it does this as a way to live on. smooth armies use camouflage to guard their infantrymen, weapons, ships, and army installations; the result's facts optimistic of the shielding worth of such strategies. The reader are not shocked then, if we inform him that our topic has performed a favourite half in all discussions concerning the starting place and the evolution of dwelling organisms. Charles Darwin was once one of many first to emphasize the significance of camouflage, and because his day the topic has shaped one of many strands of organic thought.

This isn't to assert that the gurus all agree. What a few decide to clarify as camouflage, others describe in altogether various phrases. a number of experimenters has got down to turn out a few of the theories, yet continually with excellent clinical detachment. the matter of mimicry, specifically, has turn into a veritable no man's land of organic battle.

These are issues our booklet will discover. Casting our look over an unlimited canvas, we will attempt to hint the
meaning of a few of the colourful brush strokes that went into its portray.

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67Questia Media America, Inc. com Publication Information: Book Title: Animal Camouflage. Contributors: Adolf Portmann - author. Publisher: University of Michigan Press. Place of Publication: Ann Arbor, MI. Publication Year: 1959. Page Number: 67.

Each kind of crab has its own masking method: thus Maia verrucosa always starts with the head and often leaves it at that, and Posidonia lengthens the head--and thus the whole body--by applying strips of material, while Inachus scorpio only camouflages its first pair of FIG. 39. The pincers of a masked crab (Hyas) are extremely agile and can reach every part of the body that is covered with bristles. ) -36Questia Media America, Inc. com Publication Information: Book Title: Animal Camouflage. Contributors: Adolf Portmann - author.

R. ) -64Questia Media America, Inc. com Publication Information: Book Title: Animal Camouflage. Contributors: Adolf Portmann - author. Publisher: University of Michigan Press. Place of Publication: Ann Arbor, MI. Publication Year: 1959. Page Number: 64. 62 title FIG. 76. African butterflies (Ityraea gregoryi) giving the effect of a complete flowering plant. ) Hetaera. These butterflies have glasslike front wings and pink spots on the hind wings. As they flutter close to the ground they looked like small pink petals floating down to earth.

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