By Karen Vieira Powers

This account of the local peoples of Ecuador within the 16th and 17th century exhibits how they not just resisted, tailored, and survived Spanish colonization yet reinvented themselves as a tradition. provided are either a revisionist remedy of the demographic background of Amerindian Ecuador and a clearer knowing of North Andean ethnogenesis. Powers's examine of Andean inhabitants routine within the Audiencia of Quito from 1535 to 1700 indicates that local migrations account for a inhabitants elevate in Quito in the course of a time while contiguous components skilled a swift decline in Indian inhabitants. past reconstructing the stream of the local peoples, Powers additionally explores how migration replaced the lives of Indians and Spaniards. The migratory movement from local groups to Spanish towns, fabric generators, and haciendas ended in a continuously mutating colonial global. For elite Spaniards, the migrations intended the close to cave in of the tribute and compelled hard work method, whereas nonelite Spaniards have been in a position to make the most of the choice hard work provided through the migrant Indians, leading to social mobility and the formation of recent sessions. For Indians, the migrations have been at the beginning a survival technique yet resulted in the decline of the normal chiefdom. A key discovering of the examine is that Ecuadorean Indians accomplished cultural survival by way of reconstructing Andean lifeways contained in the websites to which they migrated.

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Andean journeys: migration, ethnogenesis, and the state in colonial Quito

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Tributary Population Increase in Heartland, 1590-1670s 22 5. Tributary Population of Gobernación of Quijos, 1559-1608 31 6. Andean Absenteeism in Repartimiento of Otavalo, 1645 48 7. Migratory Flows of Indigenous Population of Repartimiento of Otavalo, 1645 50 8. Location Categories of Absentees from Repartimiento of Otavalo, 1645 53 9. Migratory Styles in Repartimiento of Otavalo, 1645 54 10. Andean Absenteeism in Town of Guaca, 1650(Corregimiento of Ibarra) 57 11. Migratory Flows of Indigenous Population of Town of Guaca, 1650 (Corregimiento of Ibarra) 59 12.

Tributary Population Increase in Heartland, 1590-1670s 22 5. Tributary Population of Gobernación of Quijos, 1559-1608 31 6. Andean Absenteeism in Repartimiento of Otavalo, 1645 48 7. Migratory Flows of Indigenous Population of Repartimiento of Otavalo, 1645 50 8. Location Categories of Absentees from Repartimiento of Otavalo, 1645 53 9. Migratory Styles in Repartimiento of Otavalo, 1645 54 10. Andean Absenteeism in Town of Guaca, 1650(Corregimiento of Ibarra) 57 11. Migratory Flows of Indigenous Population of Town of Guaca, 1650 (Corregimiento of Ibarra) 59 12.

16 In addition, by combining analyses of population movements with qualitative data derived from judicial proceedings and notarial records, a few historians and anthropologists have begun to grasp a clearer understanding of the interior meanings of indigenous life and to produce rich studies of Andean ethnogenesis. 17 My work falls into this incipient genre since it traces Andean population movements in the Audiencia of Quito from 1534 to 1700 with an eye to extrapolating the region's ethnohistory.

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