By Professor Mark Z. Jacobson
This re-creation of Mark Jacobson's textbook presents a complete advent to the heritage and technological know-how of the most important pollution and weather difficulties that face the realm this day, in addition to the power and coverage strategies to these difficulties. each bankruptcy has been introduced thoroughly up to date with new information, figures, and textual content. there's a new extra bankruptcy on large-scale options to weather and pollution difficulties. Many extra colour photos and diagrams and plenty of extra examples and homework difficulties were further. this can be an excellent introductory textbook on pollution for college students taking classes in atmospheric chemistry and physics, meteorology, environmental technological know-how, Earth technology, civil and environmental engineering, chemistry, environmental legislations and politics, and town making plans and law. it is going to additionally shape a worthwhile reference textual content for researchers, and an creation to the topic for normal audiences.
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Additional resources for Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and Solutions
Nitric acid was most likely formed from the reaction of H2 SO4 (aq) with KNO3 (s). Nitric acid is a strong acid that is corrosive. , Na+ , Ca2+ , Mg2+ , K+ , NH4 + ) in the particles. Gas-phase nitric acid forms chemically from nitrogen oxide gases, emitted during combustion of fossil fuels and wood and produced by lightning. 15. ” He prepared it by heating rock salt [NaCl(s)] in water in the presence of clay (in clay crucibles). HCl(aq) can also be obtained by reacting rock salt with green vitriol [FeSO4 –7H2 O(s)].
Single, double, and triple lines between atoms denote single, double, and triple bonds, respectively. For some compounds [OH(g), NO(g), NO2 (g)], a single dot is shown adjacent to an atom. A single dot indicates that the atom has a free electron. 4. Structures of some common compounds Compound name Structure showing bonds and free electrons Formula with free electrons Formula without free electrons Molecular oxygen O O O2 (g) O2 (g) Molecular nitrogen N N2 (g) N2 (g) O3 (g) O3 (g) ˙ OH(g) OH(g) H2 O(g) H2 O(g) ˙ NO(g) NO(g) ˙ 2 (g) NO NO2 (g) SO2 (g) SO2 (g) O+ CO(g) CO(g) O CO2 (g) CO2 (g) H CH4 (g) CH4 (g) SO4 2− SO4 2− N O Ozone O Hydroxyl radical O Water vapor O Nitric oxide N O H H O N Nitrogen dioxide O + O S Sulfur dioxide O Carbon monoxide Carbon dioxide H O C O C H Methane H C H O Sulfate ion O S O O a free electron are called free radicals and are highly reactive.
Because molecular oxygen [O2 (g)] and nitrogen [N2 (g)] together comprise more than 99 percent of the gas molecules in the air today, M is most likely to be O2 (g) or N2 (g). 3) Nitrate radical Thermal decomposition reactions are temperature dependent. At high temperatures, they proceed faster than at low temperatures. 3, except that an isomerization reaction has one product, which is another form of the reactant. 4) O* The bimolecular collision reaction, the most common type of kinetic reaction, may occur between any two chemically active reactants that collide.