By Ilja A. Luciak
"Gender equality and significant democratization are inextricably linked," writes Ilja Luciak. "The democratization of critical the USA calls for the complete incorporation of ladies as citizens, applicants, and place of work holders." In After the Revolution: Gender and Democracy in El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemala, Luciak indicates how former guerrilla ladies in 3 relevant American international locations made the transition from insurgents to mainstream political avid gamers within the democratization process.
Examining the function of girls within the a number of phases of progressive and nationwide politics, Luciak starts with girls as individuals and leaders in guerrilla routine. ladies contributed vastly to the innovative fight in all 3 international locations, yet thereafter many similarities ended. In Guatemala, ideological disputes diminished women's political effectiveness at either the intra-party and nationwide degrees. In Nicaragua, even if women's rights turned a secondary factor for the innovative occasion, ladies have been still capable of placed the problem at the nationwide time table. In El Salvador, girls took prime roles within the innovative celebration and have been capable of include women's rights right into a extensive reform time table. Luciak cautions that whereas energetic measures to develop the political function of ladies have reinforced formal gender equality, purely the joint efforts of either sexes may end up in a profitable transformation of society in line with democratic governance and important gender equality.
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Extra resources for After the Revolution: Gender and Democracy in El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemala
I remember that he started to work clandestinely, speciﬁcally with the FPL. In 1980, when I was nine years, people started to notice that we belonged to this group [the FPL] and we were forced to leave this place. That is, we had to leave our houses because there was already a lot of repression developing against my family. They knew we were guerrillas, and thus the repression began and we had to leave our place of origin, and we started to ﬂee. The operations [search and destroy missions] started, and we had to run.
The controversy over the part female combatants played is part of the larger question of gender relations during the war. There is a tendency among some protagonists and students of the Central American revolutions to glorify male-female relations during the war. Although there were important changes in gender relations, on the whole, the subordination of women prevalent in prewar society continued. When women speak freely of their participation in the war, critical testimonies tend to predominate.
Acronyms xxix PRN Partido Resistencia Nicaragüense (Nicaraguan Resistance Party) PRTC Partido Revolucionario de Trabajadores Centroamericanos (Revolutionary Party of Central American Workers, El Salvador) PSD Partido Social Demócrata (Social Democratic Party, El Salvador) RN Resistencia Nacional (National Resistance, El Salvador) UNAMG Unión Nacional de Mujeres Guatemaltecas (National Union of Guatemalan Women) URNG Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca (Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity) After the Revolution Q 1 The Gender Composition of the Central American Guerrilla Movements War is men’s business and as hard as women try, they will never play the same role.