By William Ward

William Ward's account of the Hindu groups between whom he served as a Baptist missionary in Serampore in West Bengal was once first released in 1811 and reprinted during this 3rd version in 1817. It used to be an exceptionally influential paintings that formed British perspectives of the newly outlined entity of 'Hinduism' within the early 19th century. Ward and his fellow missionaries promoted social reforms and schooling, setting up the Serampore project Press in 1800 and Serampore university in 1818. Ward dedicated two decades to compiling his examine of Hindu literature, heritage, mythology and faith, which was once ultimately released in 4 volumes. It supplied richly distinct details, and was once considered as authoritative for the following fifty years. it really is for this reason nonetheless an immense resource for researchers in parts together with Indian historical past, British colonialism, Orientalism and non secular reviews. quantity 1 describes and categorises Hindu deities and items of worship, celestial, terrestrial, animate and inanimate.

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Extra resources for A View of the History, Literature, and Religion of the Hindoos, Volume 1: Including a Minute Description of their Manners and Customs, and Translations from their Principal Works

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Represents the flame of the burnt-offering when it ascends of a coppercolour, at which time he who desires secular blessings offers his clarified butter; but he who desires emancipation, pours his offering on the fire when its colour is like that of the dawn. The goat teaches, that Ugnee devours all things; his spear, that he is almighty; and his bead-roll, that he is propitious. The rays of glory are to encourage the worshipper to expect that he 'The pooran&s contain a fable respecting Sooryii and his wife, which almost literally corresponds with the filthy story of Neptune and Ceres, when the latter turned herself into a mare.

This marriage excited the same surprise as that betwixt Venus and Vulcan, and seems an unaccountable event, unless it was intended to illustrate the gross idea of the Tuntru writers respecting the origin of the universe. Shivii has three eyes like Jupiter, wears a tiger's skin like Bacchus, and-like him wandered about when on earth as a bloated mendicant, accompanied by satyrs. Bacchus wore a deer's skin; and Shivu is represented as holding a deer in his hand. The worship of the lingu, also, Strongly resembles the worship of the phallus in honour of Bacchus.

This supreme creative energy, diffused through nature, they distinguished by various names: sometimes it was Osiris, the fountain of LIGHT, the SUN, the prolific principle by which that wds invigorated; sometimes it was the lifegenerating FIRE, the divine offspring of the solar deity; and it was sometimes called by an appellation consonant to the SOUL OF THE WORH). ' Maurice. ' Maurice. " Many Hindoos are denominated shaktfts, as devoted to the worship of this shuktee, or energy. It is remarkable, also, that all the goddesses are called the energies of their lords, as well as matrees, or mothers.

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