By Michael Friedman
Starting with a war of words in 1929 in Switzerland, Michael Friedman examines how the paintings of 3 pivotal philosophers advanced and intertwined over a number of years, finally giving upward push to 2 very varied colleges of suggestion - analytic philosophy and continental. the writer explores the clashes that set them aside as they built their very own radical new rules.
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Extra info for A Parting of the Ways: Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger
Moritz Schlick, in particular, was arrractcd neither to Marxisl11 nor to antiindividualism more g;cneralll'. Thus, tilr n'lI11ple, [Feig;l, 1969, p. : were propag;ating; our vkws as a 'system' or 'movemenr'. :epl)' commirred to an individualistic conception of philosophizing;, and while he considered g;roup discussion and mutual criticism to be g;reatll' hdptill and intdkcrually protitable, he bdkved that cveryone should think creativdl' till' himsdf. " Overcoming Metaphysics: Cm'nap and Heidegger 19 Metaphysik," where Carnap explains that the method of logical analysis has both a negative aspect (anti-metaphysical) and a positive aspect (constructive analysis of science): "This negative application of method is necessary and important in the present historical situation.
How This rdativity works is expn:ssed most dearly, perhaps, in Cassirer's rein· terpretation of the Kantian distinction between "judgments of perception" (mere sub· jective apprehension of sensation) and "judgments of experience" (genuindy objective knowledge daims). According to [Cassirer, 1910, pp. 324-26 (pp. 245-46)] This does not express a dualistic opposition between two essentially ditlèrent types of judgment but rather a graduai and successive incl'ease of objectitication: the (rdativdy) perceptual judgmenr "bodies are heavy," fi)r example, is replaced tirst by the Galilean law of t:ll1, then by the law of universal gravitation, and so on.
Pp. 9-10]: "In Berlin 1 had opportunities to study political problems by reading and talking with friends; my aim was to underst