By Shuichi Kato

A brand new simplified version translated via Don Sanderson. the unique three-volume paintings, first released in 1979, has been revised specifically as a unmarried quantity paperback which concentrates at the improvement of jap literature.

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Additional resources for A History of Japanese Literature: From the Manyoshu to Modern Times

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That is not to say, however that there was no point of contact between the world of Michizane and the world of Tsurayuki and the Kokillshii. Take for example Michizane's four-line poem on 'an autumn evening': The autumn moon shines like a mirror Without clearing up the crime. The wind is like a sword That does not sever sadness. All that I have seen or heard Makes me shudder. This fall is my own fall. (Kanke KosJru, poem 485) Compare one of the poems s~lected by Ki no Tsurayuki to appear in the Kohllshu (poem 193 by Oe no Chisato): The pathos of the autumn moon Is nol for me alone And yet, I wonder Who feels as J?

The Heian period and 'the sadness of things' was not far away_ What of the poetry of the people at large? Just as the 145 poems written by the envoys to Silla touched not at all on the diplomatic objectives of their mission, so the 80 or more poems w ritten by the sakimori or 'frontier guards' taken from the eastern provinces and sent to Kyiishii in the middle of eighth century seldom mention military matters. About a third of these poems (all of which are to be found in the twentieth volume of the Man 'yoshii) deal with separation from wives and lovers; another third with the emotions felt at separation from mothers (or in one case only, a father); and the remaining third with the duties of a frontier guard .

This is particularly true of some of the elegies - not the elegies written for the p rinces and princesses of the court, but the elegies written in grief for the death of his own wife. Here Hitomaro achieves astonishing quality as a lyric poet. There are two choka on this theme each with two 'envoy' poems attached . The first choka begins with words of regret that their time together was too short: Since in Karu lived my wife, I wished to be with her to my heart's content; But I could not visit her constantly Because of the many watching eyes Men would know of our troth Had I sought her too often (Vol.

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